Project background
Participating countries
Project activities
Project news
Activity 1
Activity 2
Activity 3
Activity 4
Activity 5
Activity 6
Activity 7
Activity 8
Activity 9
Activity 10
Activity 11
Publications and Study Materials
Members area
Back to HUT Lighting Laboratory main pages

ENLIGHTEN - Creation of basis for educational and research networking between Europe and Nepal through
the initial collaboration in lighting
and energy technology development.

Participating countries


The Republic of Finland is a Nordic country in northern Europe, bordering Norway to the north, Russia to the east, the Gulf of Finland to the south, and the Gulf of Bothnia and Sweden to the west. Finland has a population of five million people spread over 338,145 square kilometres. Around two-thirds of Finland is covered in forest and about a tenth by water. Finland's climate is characterized by cold, and sometimes severe, winters and relatively warm summers. In the far north the White Nights, during which the sun does not set, last for around 10 weeks of the summer. In winter the same area goes through nearly eight weeks when the sun never rises above the horizon.

Finland is a bilingual country, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages. Around 6 per cent of the population speak Swedish as their native language. Sámi is spoken by about 2,200 people living in Lapland. Religiously, the country is composed of Lutheran (89%), Orthodox (1%), and none or other (10%). Finland is perhaps best known for its peacefulness and beautiful nature. In addition to its mystical northern nature, Finland is also a modern Nordic country with a high standard of living and advanced economy and technology. The country invests heavily in education, training and research, investment which pays dividends by delivering one of the best educated and trained workforces in the world. More info:


Lithuania is a republic on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. Lithuania with its area of 65 303 km2 shares borders with Latvia, Belarus, Poland and the Kaliningrad Region of Russia. Lithuania is a member of the European Union since 2004. The population of Lithuania is 3.5 million.

Lithuanian landscape is mostly flat and features numerous lakes. About 30% of the country is covered by forests. The Baltic coast includes the picturesque Curonian Spit with its remarkable sand dunes. This spectacular creation of the nature is included into the UNESCO World Heritage list. The Baltic coast in Lithuania is famous for amber, which is used by local amber artists to fabricate beautiful artworks. A large collection of amber artworks is displayed in the Amber Museum in the biggest Lithuanian resort Palanga.

The capital of Lithuania, Vilnius, is located just a few kilometers south of the geographical center of Europe. Vilnius is recognized for its astonishing old town, also the World Heritage site, and is considered as one of the most beautiful cities in Eastern Europe. It is also known to have the oldest university in Eastern Europe – Vilnius University, which was founded in 1579. More info:


Nepal, a landlocked country in Southern Asia, between China and India is inhabited by 27 million people of enormous culture and ethnic diversity. The population comprisesvarious groups of different races which are further divided into different casts. For a relatively small country with 147181 km area, the Nepali landscape is uncommonly diverse, ranging from the tropical Terai (Plains) in south to the cold Mountains in the north. Hilly region runs in between the plains and the mountains. Nepal, home of Mount Everest, boasts eight of the world's ten highest mountains. Kathmandu is the capital and largest city. There are all together ten places recognized by UNESCO as “World Heritage Sites” in Nepal, seven of which are in Kathmandu valley.

Nepal is one of the least developed countries in the world. Nearly 90 per cent of its population lives in the remote rural areas. Majority of rural population has no access to transport and electricity. It is largely dependent on traditional agriculture. Nepal is famous for Buddha, apostle of peace, world's highest mountain the Mt. Everest and war veteran Gurkhas. It is also the land best known for its temple cities, fascinating landscape, cultural and religious harmony. More info: